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Inquiry Phase: Construct

At the beginning of the Construct Phase, a student may ask:

  • Have any main ideas emerged from the research?
  • Did I find enough evidence to form an opinion or support my thesis?
  • What organizational patterns or tools will help me make sense of my information?



  • Clarifies main and supporting ideas.
  • Connects ideas across texts.
  • Uses organizational strategies to make sense of information.
  • Makes sense of information by using appropriate thinking strategies.
  • Compares new ideas to what was already known.
  • Tests statement of purpose and thesis statement or hypothesis.
  • Draws conclusions.


Before moving to the Express Phase, a student may ask:

  • Have I drawn conclusions that are supported by the evidence?
  • Have I organized my conclusions and evidence to present them effectively?


AASL Standards for the 21st Century Learner

  • STANDARD 1: Learners use skills, resources, & tools to inquire, think critically, and gain knowledge.
    •  Skills
      •  1.1.7 Make sense of information gathered from diverse sources by identifying misconceptions, main and supporting ideas, conflicting information, and point of view or bias

      •  1.1.9 Collaborate with others to broaden and deepen understanding. 


  • STANDARD 2: Learners use skills, resources, & tools to draw conclusions, make informed decisions, apply knowledge to new situations and create new knowledge. 
    • Skills
      •  2.1.4 Use technology and other information tools to analyze and organize information.
      •  2.1.5 Collaborate with others to exchange ideas, develop new understandings, make decisions, and solve problems.


    • Dispositions in Action
      •  2.2.2 Use both divergent and convergent thinking to formulate alternative conclusions and test them against the evidence.
      •  2.2.3 Employ a critical stance in drawing conclusions by demonstrating that the pattern of evidence leads to a decision or conclusion.


    •  Responsibilities
      • 2.3.2 Consider diverse and global perspectives in drawing conclusions.


    •  Self-Assessment Strategies
      • 2.4.3 Recognize new knowledge and understanding. 


  •   STANDARD 4: Learners use skills, resources, & tools to pursue personal and aesthetic growth. 
    • Skills
      • 4.1.6 Organize personal knowledge in a way that can be called upon easily.



Inquiry Process            Connect            Wonder            Investigate            Construct            Express            Reflect


From the New York City School Library System – Information Fluency Continuum


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